1903 The first working airplane was, designed, made, and flown by the Wright brothers, Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) and Orville Wright (1871-1948). 1852 The rise of the elevator. By Kate Beach-9 September 2016. Coextensively, globalization and hyper-connectivity have shrunk our world and woven global economies together inextricably, challenging the very possibility of a purely local business. Her compiler revolutionized computer programming, automatically translating high-level instructions (easier to understand by people) into machine code (the cryptic, native language of the central processing unit). In 1968 a mouse device named Rollkugel (German for “rolling ball”) was released that had been developed and published by the German company Telefunken. In November 2006, it was bought by Google for US$1.65 billion. But innovation is not what you proclaim but what you do, and in business, it must be done repeatedly, sustainably and scalably. Leadership in the 21st Century and Global Forces: Dominic Barton, McKinsey. The acronym refers to small electronic devices that consist of a small chip and an antenna. 2001 The Ipod is released by Apple (& birth of Itunes). This bone-crunching vehicle was powered by a single-cylinder engine. These vacuum tubes were the devices that made manipulation of electrical energy possible so it could be amplified and transmitted. It was a liquid-fuelled 10-ft. rocket that he called Nell. Both globalization and competitiveness are governed essentially by market forces that force the introduction of significant … We have almost limitless, almost free computational power. How do you see that shaping the future of shareholder engagement and company value? In 1958, John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky started the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab. One of the first instances of “Content” winning over “Format”, 1971 Gilbert Hyatt and Intel make the first commercial computer microprocessor. In mid-1998, the South Korean company licensed the players for North American distribution to Eiger Labs, which rebranded them as the EigerMan F10 and F20. This book argues that three powerful symbiotic forces (globalization, competitiveness, and governability) are disrupting business in the 21 st century, resulting in an impact on the economic and business environment far greater than the effects of any of these three individually. Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability : the Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century. It enabled data to be shared back & forth between interconnected advanced computer workstations. This system was powered from a water wheel on the River Wey, which drove a Siemens alternator that supplied a number of arc lamps within the town. I stress purpose because that is what animates and engages us; it is the antidote to cynicism and complacency and it provokes a shift in emphasis from the mere, to the richer and more compelling notion of. Early radio consisted of either radio telegraphy (the transmission of Morse code signals) or radio telephony (voice messages). Our workplace is more varied than it has ever been. On December 17, 1903, the “Flyer” flew for 12 seconds and for a distance of 120 feet (37 m). According to the fabric’s creator, David Carroll, a cellphone case lined with the material could boost the phone’s battery charge by 10 to 15 percent over eight hours, using the heat absorbed from your trouser pocket! 1954 Solar power becomes a reality thanks to Gerald Pearson with his research into lithium-silicon photovoltaic cells. The zipper was improved by the Swedish-American engineer, Gideon Sundbach, and was named by the B.F. Goodrich company in 1923. This type of production greatly reduced the amount of time taken to put each car together (93 minutes for a Model T) from its parts, reducing production costs. 1888 The very first patented film camera was designed in England by Frenchman Louis Le. 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